Nigeria: Politics & Government

Nigeria is a Federal Republic composed of 36 States, and a Capital Territory, with an elected President and a Bi-cameral Legislature. It operates Presidential system of Government with three distinct but complementary arms namely the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary, each acting as a check on the other two.

The Executive arm of the Government, at the Federal level, consists of the President, the Vice President and the otehr member of the Federal Executive Council who are listed below:

President Muhammadu Buhari
Vice President Yemi Osinbajo
Min. of Agriculture & Natural Resources  
Min. of Aviation  
Min. of Communication Technology
Min. of Culture & Tourism
Min. of State for Defense
Min. of Education
Min. of Environment
Min. of the Federal Capital Territory
MIn. of Finance
Min. of Foreign Affairs  
Min. of Health  
MIn. of Information & Communications  
Min. of Interior  
Min. of Justice & Attorney Gen. of the Federation  
Min. of Labor & Productivity  
Min. of Lands, Housing & Development  
Min. of Mines & Steel Development  
Min. of National Planning Commission  
Min. of National Sports Commission  
Min. of the Niger Delta Affairs  
Min. of Petroleum Resources  
Min. of Police Affairs  
Min. of State for Power  
Min. of Science & Technology  
Min. of Special Duties  
Min. of Sports  
Min. of Trade & Investment  
Min. of Transport  
Min. of Water Resources  
Min. of Women's Affairs  
Min. of Works  
Min of Youth Development  

At the State level, the Executive arm of Government is made up of the Governor, the Deputy Governor and other members of State Executive Council. The list of State Governors in Nigeria's 36 States and Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) is shown below:



NIGERIAN CURRENT STATE GOVERNORS

State Capital Governor Party Elected or Took Office
Abia Umuahia Victor Ikpeazu PDP 2015
Adamawa Yola Jibrilla Jindow APC 2015
Akwa Ibom Uyo Emmanuel Udom PDP 2015
Anambra Awka Willie Obiano APGA 2015
Bauchi Bauci Barrister Mohammed Abubakar APC 2015
Bayelsa Yenegoa Seriake Dickson PDP 2015
Benue Markurdi Samuel Ortom APC 2015
Borno Maiduguri Kashim Shetima APC 2015
Cross River Calabar Pro.f Ben Ayade PDP 2015
Ebonyi Abakaliki Ifeanyi Okowa PDP 2015
Delta Asaba Dave Umahi PDP 2015
Edo Benin City Adams Oshiomholc APC 2008
Ekiti Ado - Ekiti Ayo Fayose PDP 2014
Enugu Enugu Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi PDP 2011
Gombe Gombe Ibrahim Hassan Dankwambo PDP 2011
Imo Owerri Owelle Rochas Okorocha APC 2011
Jigawa Dutse Badaru Abubakar APC 2015
Kaduna Kaduna Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai APC 2015
Kano Kano Abdullahi Umar Ganduje APC 2015
Katsina Katsina Aminu Bello Masarii APC 2015
Kebbi Birnin - Kebbi Atiku Bagudu APC 2015
Kogi Lokoja Ibrahim Idris PDP 2003
Kwara Ilorin Abdulfatah Ahmed APC 2011
Lagos Ikeja Akinwunmi Ambode APC 2015
Nasarawa Lafia Umaru Tanko Al-Makura APC 2011
Niger Mina Abubakar Sani Bello APC 2015
Ogun Abeokuta Ibikunle Oyelaja Amosun APC 2011
Ondo Akure Olusegun Mimiko PDP 2009
Osun Osogbo Rauf Aregbesola APC 2010
Oyo Ibadan Isiaka Abiola Ajimobi APC 2011
Plateau Jos Simon Lalong APC 2015
Rivers Port Harcourt Ezenwo Nyesom Wike PDP 2015
Sokoto Sokoto Aminu Waziri Tambuwal APC 2015
Taraba Jalingo Mr. Darius Ishaku PDP 2015
Yobe Damaturu Ibrahim Geidam APC 2011
Zamfara Gusau Abdul'aziz Abubakar Yari APC 2011
Territory Current Minister Party ook Office Past Leaders
Abuja F.C.T   Bala A. Muhammed ... 2010

The Legislature is equally found at the Federal and State levels. The Federal Legislature comprises a 109-member Senate and a 360-member House of Representatives. The two, combined, is known as the National Assembly (the equivalent of the American Congress). At the State level, the Legislature is known as the House of Assembly.

The President, the Governor, their Deputies, as well as members of the Legislature at both Federal and State levels are elected, under the present constitution, for four years, renewable only once. The Senate President is the Head of the Federal Legislature.

The Judiciary interpretes the laws and adjudicates in conflicts between the Executive and the Legislature. It carries out these functions through the various established courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court of the land, followed by the Court of Appeal, the Federal High Court, the Magistrate Court, the Area Court, and the Customery Court.

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